Volume 2, No. 2, June 2016

General Information

  • ISSN: 2395-647X (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title:  Int. J. Geol. Earth Sci.
  • Editor-in-Chief: ​Prof. Marina Fernandez de la Cruz, Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Faculty of Geological Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
  • Associate Editor: Sujitha R. Reddy, Savitha Darsha
  • Executive Editor: Felicia Fan
  • DOI: 10.18178/ijges
  • Abstracting/Indexing: Crossref, Google Scholar, Genamics, Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI), etc.
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Comparative Analysis between DEM from Topographic, Aster GDEM and SRTM DEM

Aminu Abdulwahab, Babangida Baiya, Gundiri I Abalis, and Bello Ali Garba
Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, PMB 35, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Abstract—The difference between the DEM generated from Topographical map, ASTER DEM 1.5 arc second and SRTM DEM 3 arc second has been determine. As the ASTER GDEM has been known to be the highest resolution global digital elevation model purported to be 30m spacing (1 or 1.5) arc second, we have compared three different DEM’s by digitizing the contour of the existing topographical map covering the research area and downloading the ASTER GDEM data and SRTM data from online source. 3-D coordinates of some scattered was selected and generated from the three DEM created. Contour was also generated from the all the DEMs for further comparison. However, the contour value on the existing topographical map was converted from feet to meter to correspond with the ASTER GDEM and the SRTM DEM unit. The result of this research work was based on the Models generated from the 3D data obtained from the topographical DEM, ASTER GDEM and the SRTM DEM, Geographic information system GIS software like Global Mapper 13, Surfer 10 and ArcGIS 10.0 software was also used in doing the analysis. The height obtained from the topographic map was orthometric Height while the ASTER GDEM/SRTM DEM is an ellipsoidal height. In this study, the difference between the DEM generated from Topographical map, ASTER DEM 1.5 arc second and SRTM DEM 3 arc second has been determine. As the ASTER GDEM has been known to be the highest resolution global digital elevation model purported to be 30 m spacing i.e. 1 or 1.5 arc second, we have compare the three different DEM’s by digitizing the contour of the existing topographical map covering the research area as well downloaded the ASTER GDEM data and SRTM data from online source. 3-D coordinates of the some scattered was selected and generated from the three DEM created. Contour was also generated from the all the DEMs for further comparison. However, the contour value on the existing topographical map was converted from feet to meter to correspond with the ASTER GDEM and the SRTM DEM unit. The result of this research work was based on the Models generated from the 3D data obtained from the topographical DEM, ASTER GDEM and the SRTM DEM, Geographic information system GIS software like Global Mapper 13, Surfer 10 and ArcGIS 10.0 software was also used in doing the analysis. It is and evidence that the height obtained from the topographic map was orthometricHeight (Benchmark Elevations), and the ASTER GDEM/SRTM DEM is an ellipsoidal height (Geodetic Height).

Index Terms—Digital Elevation Model, Topographical Map, GIS, ASTER, GDEM, SRTM

Cite:Aminu Abdulwahab, Babangida Baiya, Gundiri I Abalis, and Bello Ali Garba, "Comparative Analysis between DEM from Topographic, Aster GDEM and SRTM DEM," International Journal of Geology and Earth Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 1-11, June 2016. doi: 10.18178/ijges.2.2.1-11